Dao-chuo (道綽)

Dao-chuo (Doshaku) was a Chinese monk Chinese Jodo (Pure Land) sect in the Tang. He was the second of the five founders of the Jodo sect and the fourth founder of the seven eminent monks of the Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism).


He became a monk at 14 years of age and was well-versed in Nehan-gyo Sutra (The Sutra of The Great Nirvana). Later, he engaged in ascetic practices under the guidance of Esan. When, at age 48, he saw Donran's inscription at Genchu-ji Temple and realized, then abandoned self-training, became a believer of the Jodo sect and stayed at the temple. He gave more than 200 lectures to monks and lay believers on "Kanmuryoju-kyo sutra" ('The Sutra of Visualization of the Buddha of Measureless Life,' meaning Amida). It is said that he repeated nenbutsu (Buddhist invocation) 70,000 times each day until his death. He exhorted to speak out nenbutsu with juzu (a roll of beads) in ones hands.
(Shomyo Nenbutsu) (invocation of the name of Buddha)

He died on May 27, 645 at the age of 85.

His book

Two volumes of "Anrakushu" (A Collection of Passages Concerning Birth in the Pure Land)

[Original Japanese]