Achiki (阿直岐) - "Achiki" is an envoy, scholar, and a naturalized citizen dispatched from Baekje to Japan, who is described in "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) and "Kojiki" (Records of Ancient Matters).

Age of Calamity (厄年) - As propagated by Onmyodo (the traditions of Yin-Yang divination and astronomy), a person is believed to suffer misfortunes during their age of calamity.

Ajisukitakahikone (アヂスキタカヒコネ) - Ajisukitakahikone or Ajishikitakahikone is a Shinto deity who appears in Japanese Mythology.

Akaru-hime (阿加流比売神) - Akaru-hime is a god (Shinto) appearing in Japanese Mythology.

Akiyamanoshitabiotoko (秋山之下氷壮夫) - Akiyamanoshitabiotoko is a Japanese deity.

Akuru (悪樓) - Akuru is an evil god in Japanese Methodology.

Altar (祭壇) - An altar is a structure for making sacrifices and offerings to gods, spirits, and death.

Ama no Murakumo no Tsurugi (天叢雲剣) - The 'Ama no Murakumo no Tsurugi' (also called 'Ame no Murakumo no Tsurugi', translated literally as, "Sword of the Gathering Clouds of Heaven) is one of the 'Sanshu no Jingi' (the Three Imperial Regalia) and a 'shintai' (an object of worship housed in a Shinto shrine and believed to contain the spirit of a deity) of the Atsuta-jingu Shrine.

Amabe-shi Keizu (海部氏系図) - Amabe-shi Keizu are genealogical documents passed down by the Amabe family, a shake (family of Shinto priests serving a shrine on a hereditary basis) of Kono-jinja Shrine located in Miyazu City, Kyoto Prefecture, which comprises one book of "Kono-myojin-yashiro Hafuribe-uji Keizu" (Family Tree of the Family Serving for Kono-jinja Shrine, hereinafter referred to as 'Hon-keizu)' (main family tree)) and one book of "Kono-myojin-gu Hafuribe Tanba Kuninomiyatsuko Amabe Jikito-uji no Hongi" (Records of the Amabe family, an ancient local ruling family in Tanba Province, Serving for Kono-jinja Shrine, hereinafter referred to as 'Kanchu-keizu' (genealogical records based on surveys)).

Amanoiwatowakenokami (天石門別神) - Amanoiwatowakenokami is a god (of Shinto) who appears in Japanese Mythology.

Amanozako (天逆毎) - Amanozako is a Japanese goddess who is depicted in "Wakan-sansai-zue" (an encyclopedia compiled in the Edo period).

Amaterasu Omikami (天照大神) - Amaterasu omikami (Tensho daijin) is a humanized Shinto god in Japanese.

Amatsu Tsumi and Kunitsu Tsumi (天つ罪・国つ罪) - "Amatsu tsumi" and "Kunitsu tsumi" are concepts of crime in in the Shintoism.

Amatsuhikone (アマツヒコネ) - Amatsuhikone is a god (Shinto) appearing in Japanese Mythology.

Amatsukami and Kunitsukami (天津神・国津神) - Amatsukami (天津神; gods of heaven) and Kunitsukami (国津神; gods of the land) are the grouping of gods (Shinto) that appear in Japanese mythology.

Amatsukume no mikoto (天久米命) - Amatsukume no mikoto is a god (Shinto) who appears in Japanese Mythology.

Amatsumara (天津麻羅) - Amatsumara is a deity of ironworking that appears in Japanese mythology.

Amatsumikaboshi (天津甕星) - Amatsumikaboshi is a god of stars (Shinto) appearing in Japanese mythology.

Ame no Hoakari (one of the gods in Japanese mythology) (天火明命) - Ame no Hoakari is a Shinto god that appears in Japanese mythologies.

Ame no Minakanushi no Kami (天之御中主神) - Ame no Minakanushi no Kami is one of the gods (Shinto) who appear in Japanese mythology.

Ameno Tajikarao (アメノタヂカラオ) - Ameno Tajikarao is a god that appears in Japanese Mythology (Shinto religion).

Amenohiboko (アメノヒボコ) - Amenohiboko is a deity in Japanese mythology, who appears in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Amenohohi (アメノホヒ) - Amenohohi is a god (Shinto) who appears in the Japanese mythology.

Amenokaguyama no mikoto (天香山命) - Amenokaguyama no mikoto was the Japanese god (Shinto religion).

Amenokoyane no Mikoto (天児屋命) - Amenokoyane no Mikoto (written in kanji as 天児屋命) is a god (Shinto) that appeared in Japanese mythology.

Amenomahitotsu no Kami (天目一箇神) - Amenomahitotsu no Kami is a Shinto god of iron manufacture and blacksmiths who appears in Japanese mythology.

Amenonaemasu no mikoto (天苗加命) - Amenonaemasu no mikoto (spelled '天苗加命,' or alternatively '天苗益命') is a deity (Shinto) in Japanese mythology.

Amenoohabari (天之尾羽張) - "Amenoohabari" is a sword appearing in Japanese Mythology, as well as the name of a god (Shinto).

Amenooshihi-no-mikoto (天忍日命) - Amenooshihi no Mikoto is a god (Shinto) which appears in Japanese mythology.

Amenooshihomimi (アメノオシホミミ) - Amenooshihomimi (Masakatsuakatsu kachihayahi amenooshihomimi) is a god (Shinto) that appeared in Japanese mythology.

Amenotokotachi no Kami (天之常立神) - Amenotokotachi no Kami is a god (Shinto) appearing in the Japanese mythology.

Amenouzume (アメノウズメ) - Amenouzume (Amanouzume) is a deity who appears in Japanese Shinto mythology.

Amenowakahiko (アメノワカヒコ) - Amenowakahiko is a deity from Japanese mythology.

Animism (アニミズム) - Animism is a concept that every thing regardless of a living thing or a non-living object has a spirit or a soul.

Aratama and Nikitama (荒魂・和魂) - Aratama' (also referred to as 'Aramitama') and 'Niki(gi)tama' (also referred to as 'Niki(gi)mitama') are concepts used by Shinto to express two different aspects of spirits and souls of gods.

Asashiro-jinja Shrine (朝代神社) - "Asashiro-jinja Shrine" is a shrine in Asashiro, Maizuru City, Kyoto Prefecture.

Ashinazuchi and Tenazuchi (アシナヅチ・テナヅチ) - Ashinazuchi and Tenazuchi are a couple of deities (Shinto deities) that appear in a Japanese Mythology about the Yamatanoorochi snake.

Atago-shinko Faith (愛宕信仰) - "Atago-shinko faith" is a Shinto faith about fire prevention, which originated at the Atago-jinja Shrine (Kyoto City) enshrined on the top of Mt. Atago in Kyoto City.

Awashima no kami (淡島神) - Awashima no kami is a god (Shinto) in Shinto and Japanese folk religion.

Azuminoisora (阿曇磯良) - Azuminoisora (written in kanji as 阿曇磯良 or 安曇磯良) is a deity within the religion of Shinto.

Azusayumi (梓弓) - Aazusayumi is a bow made of Japanese cherry birch used for Shinto rituals.


Binbo-gami (貧乏神) - Binbo-gami is a god who brings poverty to the people whom they cling to or their families.

Bunrei (Branch Shrine for a Deity) (分霊) - The bunrei or wakamitawa is a term used in the Shinto religion that refers to a separated god or divine spirit when an enshrined deity of main shrine is dedicated to a different shrine.

Bureau of Shrines (Jinja kyoku) (神社局) - The Bureau of Shrines was one of the bureaus of the Meiji government.

Bureau of Shrines and Temples (社寺局) - Bureau of Shrines and Temples was one of the bureaus of the Meiji government.


Chihaya (千早) - The chihaya (outer vestment garment) has existed in Japan since ancient times and is a piece of clothing used when performing religious rituals and duties that is principally worn by women.

Chimata-No-Kami (岐の神) - "Chimata-No-Kami" or "Tsuji-no-kami" are gods (Shinto) who are believed to prevent evil gods and evil spirits who bring epidemics and disasters from entering the village in Japanese folk beliefs.

Chinju Gami (鎮守神) - Chinju gami is a (Shinto) god enshrined to guard a particular building or a certain area of land.

Chinju no Mori (Sacred Shrine Forest) (鎮守の森) - Chinju no Mori" are forests attached to Shinto shrines, managed and maintained so as to enclose the Sando (approach to the temple) and the Haisho (place of prayer).

Chokusai (勅祭) - Chokusai is a religious service at a shrine where imperial messengers are sent by the Emperor.

Chokusai-sha shrine (勅祭社) - "The Chokusai-sha shrine" is a shrine where festivals are attended by imperial messengers sent by the Emperor (called chokusai).

Chusei Nihongi (A set of medieval Japanese myths) (中世日本紀) - Chusei Nihongi collectively refers to a set of Japanese mythologies that were variously reinterpreted and revised based mainly on the Honchi Suijaku theory (the theory that Japanese deities were the multi-faceted embodiment of Buddha) in the medieval period while founding its base on classics such as "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).


Daikokuten (大黒天) - Daikokuten means Maha kala (Sanskrit:, transliteration: 摩訶迦羅) that is a reincarnation of Shiva, a deity of the Hindu religion.

Daishogun (hoi-jin) (大将軍 (方位神)) - "Daishogun" (commander-in-chief) is one of the Hasshojin (of eight general gods) responsible for the fortune of directions in Onmyodo (the way of Yin and Yang; occult divination based upon the Taoist theory of the five elements).

Daishogunhachi-jinja Shrine (大将軍八神社) - "Daishogunhachi-jinja Shrine" is a shrine in Kamigyo Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture.

DEGUCHI Onisaburo (出口王仁三郎) - "Onisaburo DEGUCHI," 1871? - January 19, 1948, was the practical founder of a new religion 'Omoto,' who laid out its teachings.

Doso-shin (Japanese Shinto deity) (道祖神) - Doso-shin (also referred to as Doso-jin) is a deity on roadsides.


Eirei (英霊) - Eirei is a 'term used to honor the spirits of dead persons who performed an outstanding act.'

Ema (絵馬) - "Ema" is a wooden board with a picture of a horse, which is dedicated to a temple or a shrine when making a wish, or when showing gratitude for the granted wish.

Engishiki (延喜式) - Engishiki is a set of Kyakushiki codes (detailed enforcement regulations of the Ritsuryo codes) compiled in the middle of the Heian period.

Engishiki Jinmyocho (register of shrines in Japan) (延喜式神名帳) - The Engishiki Jinmyocho is the name given to the ninth and the tenth volumes of the "Engishiki" (an ancient Japanese book of administrative regulations and ceremonial procedures that was completed in 927), which provide a list of shrines throughout the country that were designated as 'kansha' (official shrines) at that time.


Fu or Kannagi (Female Spiritual Medium) () - The fu or kannagi, also called "fugeki," refers to those who worship and serve gods and take responsibility for conveying gods will to secular people.

Fudoki (description of regional climate, culture, etc.) (風土記) - "Fudoki" is a title of Chinese books.

Fukuden (福天) - Fukuden is a deity bringing happiness in folk beliefs in Japan.

Funadama (船霊) - Funadama (ship spirit) is a deity to which seafarers pray for the safety of a voyage.

Futodama (フトダマ) - Futodama is a god that appears in Japanese mythology.

Futsunushi no kami (経津主神) - Futsunushi no kami is a deity that appears in Japanese mythology.


Gion-shinko Faith (祇園信仰) - "Gion-shinko Faith" is a belief in Gozu Tenno (deity said to be the Indian god Gavagriva), Susanoo, and is a syncretism of Shinto and Buddhism.

God Inari (稲荷神) - The god Inari is one of the Japanese Shinto gods.

God of the Hearth (かまど神) - The god of the hearth is enshrined at hearths, irori (traditional Japanese open hearths) and other places where fire is used.

Gohei (御幣) - Gohei is one type of heihaku used in the religious services of Shinto, made by clipping two shide (zigzag strips of paper) into a heigushi (staff) made of bamboo or other wood.

Gonansanjoshin (五男三女神) - Gonansanjoshin are the deities who were born when Amaterasu and Susanoo, deities who appear in Japanese Mythology, made ukei (pledge) in Amanomanai (a geographical name in Japanese Mythology).

Goryo shinko (御霊信仰) - Goryo shinko is a Japanese belief that threatening natural disasters and epidemics are caused by "onryo" (restless spirits of people who died with a grudge or met an unnatural death) and that awing, reposing, and respecting these souls as "goryo" ("honorable spirits") will help to avoid their curses and bring peace and prosperity to society.

Goryo-e (御霊会) - "Goryo-e" is a courtesy for reposing the soul, to prevent curses by the goryo (spirit of the deceased person) who died unexpectedly, and is also referred to as Goryo-sai Festival.

Goryu-shinto (御流神道) - Goryu-shinto is the ho-ryu school (school by a Priestly Imperial Prince) of Shinto handed down among people such as hosshinno (Imperial Princes who became Buddhism priests).

Goshi (合祀) - "Goshi" is a Shinto term that refers to the enshrinement of kami (deity, spirit) from one shrine at another shrine (this is called yosemiya).

Guji (宮司) - Guji (or Miyazukasa) is a job grade for chief Shinto priests, who manage all other Shinto priests and miko (shrine maidens).

Gunsho Ruiju (Collection of Historical Documents) (群書類従) - "Gunsho Ruiju" is a library of Japanese literature.


Hachiman Gudokun (Exegesis of Hachimanshin Legends for the Ignorant and Children) (八幡愚童訓) - "Hachiman Gudokun" is a history of temples and shrines that narrates the miracle and divine virtue of Hachimanshin (Shinto god of War), which is considered to have been compiled in the middle or late Kamakura period.

Haitei no Yashiro Shrine (Shrine of the Dethroned Emperor) (廃帝社) - Haitei no Yashiro Shrine was located on a knoll in Shimogyo Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture.

Hakushu (拍手 (神道)) - The term "hakushu" or "kashiwade" (both of which mean clapping) refers to a gesture people make when they offer prayers to gods (deities, spirits) at Shinto religious services or before Shinto shrines or household altars.

Haniyasu (ハニヤス) - Haniyasu is the god of soil (Shinto) appearing in Japanese Mythology.

Haraedo no Okami (祓戸大神) - Haraedo no Okami refers to Shinto deities in charge of "harae" (purification or redemption).

Hasshin-den (八神殿) - "Hasshin-den" is the temple where the eight gods protecting the Emperor are enshrined, built under the ritsuryo system in Japan, in the sai-in (western quarter) of the Department of Worship.

Hatsuho (初穂) - In Japan, hatsuho is a ripe rice ear presented to God (Shinto) before autumn rice harvest.

Hayaakitsuhiko and Hayaakitsuhime (ハヤアキツヒコ・ハヤアキツヒメ) - Hayaakitsuhiko and Hayaakitsuhime are kami (god) in Japanese Methodology (shinto).

Heihaku (幣帛) - Heihaku is a general term used for anything other than food and drink that is offered to the Shinto gods during a Shinto ceremony.

Higashiyama-tenno (Takanaga) kensho-no-kanro (東山天皇(尊良)顕彰の串呂) - Higashiyama-tenno (Takanaga) kensho-no-kanro (kanro [a way to clarify things, also called physiography] to clarify the fact on Emperor Higashiyama (aka Imperial Prince Takanaga)) is one of 'Shinpu-kanro' which was a physiographic book clarified by Hosei MIURA, and was a Shinpu-kanro which clarified and praised the fact that the Imperial Prince Takanaga who was the first prince of the Emperor Godaigo was enthroned on Mt. Hiei on November 20, 1336 and was an emperor of the genuine Imperial line enthroned at takamikura (a rank of an emperor).

Hime no kami (比売神) - Hime no kami is a Shinto god (Shinto).

Himorogi (神籬) - Himorogi is an object that is designated as yorishiro (representative of a divine spirit) to enshrine a divine spirit temporarily when a festival is held in a place other than a shrine or a household Shinto altar.

Hinohakama (緋袴) - Hinohakama (scarlet hakama (divided trouser-like skirt)) (also known as 'hibakama') is also called 'Kutenai no hakama' (Red hakama) because of its deep scarlet color and to indicate the red thread used in the hakama.

Hiruko (ヒルコ) - Hiruko (Ohirukomuchi no Mikoto, Hiruko no Kami, Hiruko no Mikoto) is a god that appears in Japanese mythology.

Hisatsu-hime (比佐津媛) - Hisatsu-hime (比佐津媛) is a goddess enshrined in Yoso-jinja Shrine in Oaza-Hidaka, Hita City, Oita Prefecture.

Hitokotonushi (一言主) - Hitokotonushi is an ancient Japanese god.

Hitorigami (独神) - Hitorigami is a Shinto deity which came into being not in pairs but alone.

Hitsuki Shinji (日月神示) - Hitsuki Shinji is the Divine Revelation that Tenmei OKAMOTO (1897-1963), a painter and a Shintoist, claimed to have received from a holy spirit called 'Kuninotoko Tachinokami' (国常立尊 or 国之常立神) by automatic writing.

Hobei (奉幣) - Hobei (hohei) means to offer heihaku (paper, silk cuttings or red and white cloth presented to deities) to shrines and the Imperial mausoleums by the Emperor's command.

Hoderi (ホデリ) - Hoderi is a god that appears in Japanese mythology in the Kojiki (The Records of Ancient Matters).

Hoki-Naiden (ほき内伝) - The Hoki-Naiden is a treatise on divination that was handed down to subsequent generations as a text compiled by ABE no Seimei.

Honchi-suijaku (本地垂迹) - Summary

Honcho Jinja Ko (a study of Japanese shrine) (本朝神社考) - "Honcho Jinja Ko" (a study of Japanese shrine) is a book authored by Razan HAYASHI.

Hono (奉納) - Hono is a religious act performed by ujiko (shrine parishioners) and danka (supporters of a Buddhist temple) aimed at respecting or appeasing and pleasing Shinto and Buddhist deities in which people offer 'something of value' to such deities (including tombs).

Hoori (ホオリ) - Hoori (Hoori no Mikoto) is a god that appears in Japanese mythology.

Hoso Kami (疱瘡神) - Hoso Kami (also pronounced as Hoso gami, Hoso shin) is an apotheosis of hoso (smallpox), and is a kind of Yakubyo-gami, a deity for the transmission of epidemics.

Hosuseri no Mikoto (火須勢理命) - Hosuseri no Mikoto is a Shinto god in Japanese mythology.

Hyaku-do Mairi (百度参り) - Hyaku-do mairi (the hundred-fold visit) is a folk religious practice in Japan, in which a person visits a temple or shrine in order to pray to the gods and then, at that same temple or shrine, pays his or her respects one hundred times.


Ichikishimahime (イチキシマヒメ) - Ichikishimahime (or Itsukishimahime) is a deity of water that appears in Japanese mythology.

Ichirei shikon (一霊四魂) - Ichirei shikon (one spirit, four souls) is an idea of Japanese Shintoism in which the mind consists of a spirit called 'naohi' that is connected with the heaven and four souls.

Ikasuri no Mikannagi no Matsuru Kami (坐摩巫祭神) - Ikasuri no mikannagi no matsuru kami god is a god in Shintoism (Shintoism).

Ikihagi (skinning animals alive) (生剥) - Ikihagi' is a sense of sin, a concept in Shinto, and one of "amatsu-tsumi " (heavenly sins) appeared in Oharae no kotoba, one of 'Norito' (Shinto prayers) collected in the eighth volume of "the Engishiki" (an ancient book for codes and procedures on national rites and prayers)

Ikumi-tenmangu Shrine (生身天満宮) - Ikumi-tenmangu Shrine is a shrine in Sonobe-cho, Nantan City, Kyoto Prefecture

Ikutsuhikone (イクツヒコネ) - Ikutsuhikone no mikoto, written as 活津日子命 (in Kojiki: The Records of Ancient Matters) or 活津彦根命 (in Nihonshoki: Chronicles of Japan), is the fourth son in five sons and three daughters given birth from the pledge made by Amaterasu (the Sun Goddess) and Susano (Amaterasu's brother: a deity in Japanese Mythology), and he was born from a bead which Amaterasu was wearing on her left wrist.

Imamiya-jinja Shrine (Kyoto City) (今宮神社 (京都市)) - "Imamiya-jinja Shrine" is a shrine in Murasakino, Kita Ward, Kyoto City.

Imi (忌み) - What is imi (忌み or 斎み) ?

Imperial Edict (of 1870) for Establishment of Shinto (大教宣布) - The Imperial Edict (of 1870) for Establishment of Shinto is a Shosho (imperial edict, decree) which was issued on February 3, 1870.

Inbe Clan (忌部氏) - The Inbe clan (also called Imibe clan) was a vocation-based group having characteristics of a clan, which existed from the Yamato period through the Nara period.

Ishikoridome (イシコリドメ) - Ishikoridome is a god appearing in the Japanese mythology.

Isotakeru (五十猛神) - Isotakeru is a Shinto god appearing in Japanese mythology.

Iwakamutsukari no mikoto (磐鹿六雁命) - Iwakamutsukari no mikoto, who appears in the Japanese Mythology, is a courtier of Emperor Keiko.

Iwakura (磐座) - Iwakura is one form of worship within Koshintoism (Shintoism practiced prior to the introduction of Confucianism and Buddhism to Japan), which worships nature (worshipping of spirits, animism) that has been in Japan since the ancient times.

Iwanaga-hime (イワナガヒメ) - Iwanaga-hime is a goddess that appears in Japanese Mythology (Shinto religion).

Iwasaku and Nesaku (イワサク・ネサク) - Iwasaku (also called Ihasaku) and Nesaku were gods (Shinto religion) appeared in Japanese Mythology.

Iwatsutsunoo (イワツツノオ) - Iwatsutsunoo (Ihatsutsunowo) is a god (god of Shinto) featured in Japanese Mythology.

Izanagi (イザナギ) - "Izanagi" is a male god who appears in Japanese mythology.

Izanami (イザナミ) - Izanami (written as 伊弉冉, 伊邪那美, 伊弉弥) is a goddess in Japanese mythology.

Izuna-gongen (飯縄権現) - Izuna-gongen (also pronounced as Iizuna-gongen) is a syncretized god of Shintoism and Buddhism which is said to originate from a belief in the mountains of Mt. Izuna in Minochi County, Shinano Province (now Nagano Prefecture).

Izunahime no Mikoto (伊豆那姫命) - Izunahime no Mikoto is a goddess enshrined at Izuta-jinja Shrine on Mt. Kochi, Tosashimizu City, Kochi Prefecture and at the Izuta-jinja Shrines in Tamura and Maehama districts of Nankoku City.


Jade magatama (ヒスイ製勾玉) - Jade magatama refers to magatama made of jade.

Japanese Mythology (日本神話) - Japanese mythology is a collection of myths that have been passed down in Japan.

Jichin-sai (ground-breaking ceremony) (地鎮祭) - Jichin-sai (also pronounced "tokoshizume no matsuri") is a Japanese word used to describe the ground-breaking ceremony that is performed prior to the construction of an architectural structure or civil engineering work in order to appease the Shinto god or spirit of the land (known in Japanese as the Ujigami, the guardian god or spirit of the family or the community) and receive permission to use the land.

Jingiin (Institute of Divinities) (神祇院) - The Jingiin was an organ of the national government of Japan.

Jinja-cho (Shrine Agency) (神社庁) - Jinja-cho is a local administrative organ of Jinja-honcho (the Association of Shinto Shrines).

Jinjakakuroku (historical investigation of old shrines) (神社覈録) - Jinjakakuroku is the book of historical investigation of ancient temples and shrines, such as Shikinai-sha (shrines listed in Engishiki laws).

Jinpo (神宝) - Jinpo or kamudara refers to items which are stored within the inner sanctum located in the sanctuary of a Shinto shrine.

Jinposho (神鳳鈔) - Jinposho is a list of various districts of Ise-jingu Shrine (both Naiku (the inner shrine) and Geku (the outer shrine)) territory.

Jinpu (神封) - Jinpu is fuko (a vassal household allotted to courtier, shrine and temple) donated to a shrine.

Jissha-daimyojin (十社大明神) - Jissha-daimyojin refers to a group of ten gods, comprising Mikenu no Mikoto (nephew of the sea god and brother of the legendary first emperor, Jinmu), his wife and their children.

Josei shinshoku shozoku (女性神職装束) - Josei shinshoku shozoku are costumes for female Shinto priests, which appeared after the Second World War.

Jotoshiki (the roof-laying ceremony) (上棟式) - Jotoshiki is a religious service of Shinto for building a new house in Japan.


Kagurauta (神楽歌) - Kagurauta is a song performed in Kagura (sacred music and dancing performed at shrines).

Kagutsuchi (カグツチ) - Kagutsuchi is the god of fire that appears in Kiki-shinwa (the Kojiki, Nihonshoki and mythology).

Kami (Shinto) (神 (神道)) - The "kami" found in Shinto are objects of faith that are to be feared or held in awe.

Kamidana (神棚) - A "Kamidana" (a household Shinto altar) is a shelf used to enshrine the Shinto gods (Shinto) at home, in office, and in other places.

Kamikaze (神風) - Kamikaze (also called as Kamukaze and Shinpu) was Shinto vocabulary.

Kamimusubi (カミムスビ) - Kamimusubi (or Kamimusuhi, Kamumusubi) is a god (Shinto) in Japanese mythology.

Kamo Taketsunumi no mikoto (賀茂建角身命) - "Kamo Taketsunumi no mikoto" is a god (Shinto) appearing in Japanese mythology.

Kamowakeikazuchi no Mikoto (賀茂別雷命) - Kamowakeikazuchi no Mikoto is a Shinto god (Shinto).

Kamu-oichi-hime (神大市比売) - Kamu-oichi-hime is a Shinto goddess from Japanese mythology.

Kanayago-kami (金屋子神) - Kanayago-kami god (also pronounced as Kanayako-kami god, etc.) was a god which is believed by blacksmiths to live mainly in Chugoku Region (Shintoism).

Kanayamahiko-no-kami (金山彦神) - "Kanayamahiko-no-kami" is a god (Shinto) appearing in Japanese Mythology.

Kanbari Nyudo (加牟波理入道) - Kanbari Nyudo is a deity or monster of toilets according to Japanese folk beliefs.

Kannabi (神奈備) - Kannabi (also called kamunabi or kaminabi) refers to a place that holds numerous spirit replacements or material objects in which divine spirits reside; or one form of divine replacement in which the natural environment is an object of worship that contains the spirit of a deity.

Kannagi (かんなぎ) - Chinese characters representing Kannagi include "巫" and "神なぎ (神和ぎ・神薙ぎ・神凪)," which are also read as "kaminagi" or "kamunagi."

Kannazuki (神無月) - Kannazuki (Kaminashizuki) is an another name for October (lunar calendar) in Japan.

Kariginu (狩衣) - Kariginu are informal clothes worn by Court nobles in the Heian period and afterwards.

Kasanuimura (笠縫邑) - Kasanuimura, or Kasanui no mura, is the place where Toyosuki iribime no Mikoto, who was given responsibility, enshrined Amaterasu Omikami (the Sun Goddess) after she was transferred from her place of enshrinement at the Imperial Court in the sixth year of Emperor Sujin's reign.

Kasuga no kami (春日神) - Kasuga no kami is a Shinto deity.

Kataku Rokushin (家宅六神) - Kataku Rokushin is a generic name for the six gods (Shinto) representing (or protecting) a house in Shinto.

Kayanarumi (カヤナルミ) - Kayanarumi is a female deity whose name is written 賀夜奈流美 in "Izumo kokuso kamuyogoto" (Divine Words of the Ritual Priest of Izumo Taisha Shrine), which can be found in the section on prayer rituals in the "Engishiki" (Regulations and Laws of the Engi Era), and 加夜奈留美 at Asukani Imasu-jinja Shrine and Kayanarumi-jinja Shrine.

Kayano-hime (カヤノヒメ) - Kayano-hime (or Kayanu-hime) is a god (Shinto) of grass appearing in Japanese mythology.

Kazami (汗衫) - Kazami is a lightweight top (clothing) for girls of the noble class during the Heian period.

Kegare (穢れ) - Kegare is a notion in Buddhism and Shinto and means a dirty, bad, not clean state, such as being unclean, impure etc.

Kenji (Divine Sword and Jewel) (剣璽) - Kenji is the term used when combining the Ame no Murakumo no Tsurugi (literally "Heavenly Sword of Assembled Clouds") and the Yasakani no magatama (comma-shaped jewel), two of the Sanshu no Jingi (Three Sacred Treasures of the Imperial Family).

Kiki (記紀) - Kiki is a collective designation of the "Kojiki" and "Nihonshoki."

Kinen (禁厭) - Kinen (incantation) is a traditional magic (spell) in Japan.

Kinomata no kami (木俣神) - According to the Japanese mythology, Kinomata no kami (木俣神) (also read as Konomata no kami) was born between Okuninushi (chief god of Izumo in southern Honshu Island, Japan, and the central character in the important cycle of myths set in that region) and Yakami hime of Inaba.

Kisagaihime and Umugihime (キサガイヒメ・ウムギヒメ) - Kisagaihime and Umugihime were gods (Shinto religion) that appear in Japanese Mythology.

Kiyome (清目) - Kiyome means people who were engaged in the disposal of animals and cleaning on behalf of priests who were prohibited to kill animals in a temple.

Ko () - Ko is a society organized by people having the same faith.

Kogakusho, Kangakusho (皇学所・漢学所) - Kogakusho (the Imperial Learning Place) and Kangakusho (the Chinese Learning Place) were higher educational institutions established in Kyoto by the Meiji Government immediately after the Restoration of Imperial Rule.

Kogo Shui (古語拾遺) - Kogo Shui is a piece of writing about Shinto during the Heian period.

Kojikiden (古事記伝) - "Kojikiden" or "Furukotofumi no tsutae" is forty-four volumes of commentaries on "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) by Norinaga MOTOORI, a scholar of Japanese classical literature in the Edo period.

Kokugaku (国学) - Kokugaku was a study that took place in the mid-Edo period in Japan.

Kokuiko (Thoughts on the Meaning of the Nation) (国意考) - "Kokuiko" is a literary work by KAMO no Mabuchi, a scholar of Japanese classical literature in the Edo period.

Kokushi Taikei (Compilation of historical and juridical texts from the fourteenth century) (国史大系) - "Kokushi Taikei" is a library of books which collected historic materials essential for the study of the Japanese history and added revisions to them.

Komainu (狛犬) - A komainu ("石獅子" in Chinese and "imperial guardian lion" in English) is an imaginary mythical beast that resembles a dog and lion mixed together.

Konohana no sakuya-bime (コノハナノサクヤビメ) - Konohana no sakuya-bime is a goddess that appears in Japanese mythology.

Konsei-shin (金精神) - Konsei-shin, who is also called as Konsei-daimyojin or Konsei-sama, is the god representing a goshintai (object of worship housed in a Shinto shrine and believed to contain the spirit of a god) made of stone, wood or metal which is shaped like a phallus.

Koshinto (as practiced prior to the introduction of Confucianism and Buddhism to Japan) (古神道) - Koshinto was the ancient Japanese religion which was the origin of Shintoism and was called Kodo, Shintoism before 6th century.

Koshitsu (study books about ancient history) (古史通) - "Koshitsu" is a series of books authored by Hakuseki ARAI, which analyze ancient Japanese history.

Kososhin (Imperial Ancestor) (皇祖神) - Kososhin is the god deemed to be the ancestor of Imperial Family.

Koten Kokyujo (皇典講究所) - Koten Kokyujo (1882 - 1946) was an institute established in Japan for the research and education on Shinto.

Kotoage (言挙げ) - Kotoage (word rising) ritual is to make the religious principle or interpretation in Shinto clear by word.

Kotoamatsukami (別天津神) - Kotoamatsukami refers to the five deities that appeared at the Creation according to the Kojiki (The Records of Ancient Matters).

Kotodama (言霊) - Kotodama was usually the spiritual power believed to be contained within words in Japan.

Kotoshiro nushi (事代主) - Kotoshiro nushi (a Japanese ancient god) is a god that appears in Japanese Mythology (Shinto religion).

Kuebiko (久延毘古) - Kuebiko is an ancient god that appears in Japanese Mythology (Shinto god).

Kugatachi (盟神探湯) - "Kugatachi" (also known as kukatachi and kukadachi) refers to trials by ordeal held in ancient Japan.

Kujirazuka (鯨塚) - Kujirazuka is a mound enshrining the whales that were washed up ashore on the beach, and is a uniquely Japanese custom.

Kukunochi (ククノチ) - "Kukunochi" (Kugunochi) is a god of trees (Shinto) appearing in Japanese Mythology.

Kukurihimenokami (菊理媛神) - Kukurihimenokami is a Japanese deity.

Kumanokusubi (クマノクスビ) - Kumanokusubi is a god (god of Shinto) featured in Japanese Mythology.

Kuninotokotachi no Kami (国之常立神) - Kuninotokotachi no Kami is a god appearing in Japanese mythology.

Kunitama (The Spirit of the Land) (国魂) - Kunitama is a concept of Shintoism, referring to the sanctification or spiritualization of a province (an administrative division in feudal Japan) or the land itself.

Kushinadahime (クシナダヒメ) - Kushinadahime is a goddess that appears in Japanese Mythology (Shinto religion).

Kyuji (A Record of Stories Current at Court) (旧辞) - "Kyuji" is regarded to be a history book handed down by each clan, which was used as basic information for editing "kiki" (the Kojiki and Nihonshoki), but it was lost and is not existent, just like "Teiki" (a genealogy of the imperial family).



Magatama (勾玉) - Magatama (also written with the characters for "curved jewels") have been used for personal adornment in Japan since ancient times.

Magatsuhi no kami (禍津日神) - "Magatsuhi no kami (or Magatsui no kami)" is a Shinto god.

Makami (真神) - Makami is deification of a Japanese wolf which is now extinct.

Marebito (まれびと) - Marebito is a term in Orikuchiism that refers to a spiritual or deity-like being who visits from the afterworld at a specified time.

Masakaki (真榊) - Masakaki is a ceremonial implement that is placed on both sides of an altar at Shinto rituals.

Mihashira no Uzuno Miko (三貴子) - Mihashira no Uzuno Miko refers to final three deities that came into the world when Izanagi came back from Yominokuni (Hades) and cleansed dirtiness from the Yomi (world after death), according to the Kiki-shinwa (the Kojiki, Nihonshoki and mythology).

Mihashira-torii (三柱鳥居) - Mihashira-torii (literally, three-column shrine gate) is formed by coupling three torii (shrine gate).

Mihotsu-hime (三穂津姫) - "Mihotsu-hime" is a god (Shinto) appearing in Japanese mythology.

Miko (巫女) - 巫女 (miko) or 神子 (fujo) are women who mainly serve the gods of Yamato (Japan).

Mikogami (御子神) - In a shrine where parent-child gods (Shito religion) are enshrined, the child god is called Mikogami or byoei-shin (descendant deity).

Mikoshi Togyo (神輿渡御) - Mikoshi togyo refers to a Shinto ritual where a mikoshi (portable shrine) parades to pray for happiness of people lining the path of the parade.

Mikumari no kami (水分神) - Mikumari no kami is a Shinto deity (Shinto).

Mishaguji (ミシャグジ) - Having been handed down in Japan from old times, Mishaguji is a kami (of Shinto) whose origin is not very clear.

Misogi (Ablution) () - The term,"misogi," (ablution) has two meanings.

Misogiharae (禊祓) - Misogiharae is a word combined by misogi (purification ceremony) and harae (exorcism).

Mito-jinja Shrine (水度神社) - "Mito-jinja Shrine" is a shrine in Teradamitosaka, Joyo City, Kyoto Prefecture.

Mitsutorii (三ツ鳥居) - Mitsutorii is a combination of three myojin-gate torii (a pillared gate-like entrance to a Shinto shrine), and it is sometimes called yotsuashi torii (four-legged torii) because it has four pillars.

Miyaza (宮座) - Miyaza is the empowered group in a village or its qualified members engaged in rituals of a shrine, a guardian god or a local deity of a village.

Mizuhanome (ミヅハノメ) - Mizuhanome is a deity (Shinto religion) that appears in Japanese Mythology.

Momodayu (百太夫) - Momodayu (also called Hyakudayu) is a deity in a folk belief.

Moriya-shin (洩矢神) - Moriya-shin (also pronounced as Moreya-shin) is an indigenous god (Shinto) believed to live around the Suwa region in Nagano Prefecture.

Munakata Sanjojin (宗像三女神) - Munakata Sanjojin (Three Goddesses of Munakata) is a collective name for Mihashira no menokami (three female gods) enshrined at Munakata-taisha Shrine (Munakata City, Fukuoka Prefecture).

Musuhi (Life-producing spirits) (むすひ) - Musuhi, a concept embraced in Shinto, refers to a spiritual influence that produces all the things in the universe and helps them develop and complete their cycle.

Muto-shin (武塔神) - Muto-shin is a deity which appears in Somin shorai setsuwa (anecdotes of Japanese old stories).

Myojin (明神) - 明神 (pronounced as 'myojin') is an honorable title used in Japanese Shinto for gods.

Myotara-ten (妙多羅天) - Myotara-ten or Myotara-tennyo is a Japanese god who is a guardian of Shinto and Buddhist deities, good people and children, and also a god of exorcism and matchmaking.


Nagashiraha no kami (長白羽神) - Nagashiraha no kami was a god appearing in Iwato-gakure (the hiding of Amaterasu Omikami, the sun goddess, in the heavenly rock cave) of Kogo-shui (History of the Inbe clan).

Nagasunehiko (長髄彦) - Nagasunehiko is a character that appears in Japanese mythology.

Nainokami (ないの神) - Nainokami is a deity of earthquakes from Japanese mythology.

Nakisawame (ナキサワメ) - Nakisawame is a kami (god) in Japanese Methodology (shinto).

Naobi no kami (直毘神) - Naobi no kami (or Nahobi no kami) are deities in Shintoism.

Negi (assistant to Guji) (禰宜) - Negi is the official title for Shinto priesthood.

Nigihayahi (ニギハヤヒ) - Nigihayahi no Mikoto is a god (Shinto) who appears in Japanese mythology.

Nihon isshi (Supplemental History of Japan) (日本逸史) - "Nihon isshi" is a history book.

Nijunisha (22 Shrines) (二十二社) - The 22 Shrines are part of the Shakaku for Shinto shrines.

Ninen Mairi (二年参り) - Ninen mairi (two-year shrine visit) is one style of hatsumode (the practice of visiting a Shinto shrine on New Year's Day).

Ninigi (ニニギ) - Ninigi (Amenigishi kuninigishi amatsuhiko hiko hononinigi) is a deity in Japanese mythology.

NOMI no Sukune (野見宿禰) - NOMI no Sukune is a person who appears in "Nihon Shoki" (Chronicles of Japan).

Norai (Feast) (直会) - Naorai is an event that is held at the conclusion of a festival at the shrine where everyone who assembled for the Shinto ritual is made to drink sacred sake and eat the sacred food (a ritual to share drink and food).

Norito (Shinto prayer) (祝詞) - "祝詞"

Nunakawa hime (沼河比売) - Nunakawa hime is a Shinto deity appearing in Japanese Mythology.

Nyakuichioji (若一王子) - "Nyakuichioji" is a god (Shinto) from syncretism of Shinto and Buddhism.


Obiko no Mikoto (大彦命) - Obiko no Mikoto (year of birth and death unknown) was a member of the Imperial Family.

Ogetsuhime (オオゲツヒメ) - Ogetsuhime (Ohogetsuhime) is a deity who appears in the Japanese Mythology.

Ogotooshio-no-kami (大事忍男神) - "Ogotooshio-no-kami, Ohogotooshiwo-no-kami" is a god (Shinto) appearing in Japanese Mythology.

Ohanjin (黄幡神) - Ohanjin (also pronounced as Oubanshin) is deification of Rago, one of Kuyo (nine-planet crest), and is mainly enshrined as a stone monument on the border of settlement, in the center of a village, on the border of villages, crossing, or T-junction.

Oharae no kotoba (大祓詞) - Oharae no kotoba is a Norito (Shinto prayer) that is used in Shinto religious service.

Oi-jinja Shrine (Kameoka City) (大井神社 (亀岡市)) - Oi-jinja Shrine is a shrine in Oi-cho, Kameoka City, Kyoto Prefecture.

Oi-jinja Shrine (Kyoto City) (大井神社 (京都市)) - Oi-jinja Shrine is a shrine in Togetsukyo kitazume, Ukyo Ward, Kyoto City.

Okami no Kami (淤加美神) - Okami no Kami is a god (Shinto) appearing in Japanese mythology.

Okawa-jinja Shrine (大川神社) - "Okawa-jinja Shrine" is a shrine in Okawa, Maizuru City, Kyoto Prefecture.

Okuninushi (大国主) - Okuninushi is a god that appears in a type of Japanese mythology called Izumo Shinwa (Myths of Izumo).

Okutsuki (奥都城) - The word 'Okutsuki' refers to tombs of ancient times.

Omigoromo (小忌衣) - Omigoromo is an outer garment used in Shinto rituals that has been handed down since ancient times.

Ommyodo (陰陽道) - Ommyodo, which owes its origin to ancient Chinese natural philosophical theory and Inyo-gogyo-shiso theory (the way of Yin and Yang, combined with the Taoist theory of the five elements), is a system of natural science and the art of spell-casting that uniquely developed in Japan.

Omodaru and Ayakashikone (オモダル・アヤカシコネ) - Omodaru and Ayakashikone are kami (god) in Japanese Methodology (shinto).

Omoikane (オモイカネ) - Omoikane is a god who appears in the Japanese mythology.

Omonoimi no Kami (大物忌神) - Omonoimi no Kami is a god (Shinto) believed to dwell in Mt. Chokai.

Omononushi (大物主) - Omononushi is a deity in Japanese mythology.

Omoto Shinyu (Divine Revelations) (大本神諭) - "Omoto Shinyu" is a collection of literary work in which Ofudesaki (the Holy Scriptures of Omoto) was edited.

Onda (御田) - Onda (ota, mita, omita, onta, onda, oden) refers to the territories owned by temples, shrines and the Imperial family and it also refers to the rites and festivals held there.

Onusa (Shinto) (大麻 (神道)) - Onusa is one of the instruments used for purification at religious services of Shinto.

Oshirasama (おしら様) - "Oshirasama" (also written おしらさま, お白様, オシラ様, オシラサマ) is a god of the home (Shinto) worshipped in the Tohoku region of Japan, generally considered the god of silkworm, god of agriculture, and god of horses.

Otabisho (御旅所) - Otabisho means the place where a deity (usually the mikoshi, or portable shrine, that carries the deity) takes a rest or stays overnight while on a ritual procession during a shrine festival (Shinko-sai Festival).

Otonoji and Otonobe (オオトノヂ・オオトノベ) - Otonoji and Otonobe are kami (god) in Japanese Methodology (shinto).

Oyamakuhi no kami (大山咋神) - Oyamakuhi no kami is a Japanese deity.

Oyamatsumi (オオヤマツミ) - Oyamatsumi is the god described in Japanese mythology.

Oyatsu-hime (大屋都比賣神) - Oyatsu-hime, written as "大屋都比賣神" or "大屋津姫命," is the goddess of trees in Japanese mythology.




Rei-taisai (例大祭) - Rei-taisai is the common name of the most important reisai (regular festival) that is performed on a day associated with the shrine.

Reikoden-tenmangu Shrine (霊光殿天満宮) - Reikoden-tenmangu Shrine is a shrine in Kamigyo Ward, Kyoto City.

Reisai (regular festival) (例祭) - Reisai is a term used to to describe one kind of saishi, religious services that are performed annually at shinto shrines.

Repose of souls (鎮魂) - Repose of souls ("chinkon", or "tamashizume") refers to the quieting of a persons soul.

Rikkokushi (the Six National Histories) (六国史) - "Rikkokushi" represents six national historical books which were compiled by the Japanese nation under the ritsuryo codes in ancient times.

Rin (bell) () - A "rin (鈴)" a Buddhist instrument.

Ryobu Shinto (両部神道) - "Ryobu Shinto" is a combination of Shinto and Buddhism based on interpretation of Shinto from a Buddhist Shingon Sect (esoteric Buddhism) standpoint.

Ryukyu Shinto-ki (琉球神道記) - "Ryukyu Shinto-ki" is a Buddhist books.


Saho-hime (佐保姫) - Saho-hime is the god of spring.

Saijin (祭神) - Saijin is a Shinto term that signifies a deity enshrined in a Shinto shrine.

Saishu (Chief Priest) (祭主) - Saishu was a post within Shinto priesthood that was set up exclusively in the Ise-jingu Shrine.

Sakaki (サカキ) - The sakaki (cleyera japonica) is an evergreen tree that belongs to the cleyera species of the theaceae family.

Sanbo (Shinto) (三方 (神道)) - A sanbo, also known as a sanpo, is a small stand used in Shinto rituals for presenting shinsen (offerings of food and alcohol) to kami (deities, spirits).

Sangaku-shinko Faith (山岳信仰) - "Sangaku-shinko faith" is a faith worshipping mountains as being sacred.

Saniwa (審神者) - Saniwa is a person who receives shintaku (oracle) and interprets providence in religious services of Koshinto (as practiced prior to the introduction of Confucianism and Buddhism to Japan).

Sanjuban shin (三十番神) - "Sanjuban shin" is a synchronism of Shinto and Buddhism, with 30 gods taking turns every day guarding the nation and the people.

Sanno Shinto (山王神道) - Sanno Shinto (Sanno Shintoism) is a school of Shintoism developed by Hieizan Enryaku-ji Temple, the headquarters of Tendai Sect of Buddhism, from the end of the Heian period to the Kamakura period.

Sanshu no Jingi or Mikusa no Kamudakara (The Three Sacred Treasures of the Imperial Family) (三種の神器) - The Three Sacred Treasures of the Imperial Family refer to a mirror, a sword and a jewel that are believed to have been granted by Amaterasu Omikami (also known as Tensho daijin or the 'Sun Goddess') to her grandson Ninigi during 'Tensonkorin' when he descended from heaven to rule over the country.

Sarutahiko (サルタヒコ) - Sarutahiko is a deity who appears in Japanese mythology (Shinto).

Sculpture of Deities (神像) - A sculpture of deities is a statue or a portrait to represent Kami, an object of worship.

Seishi (Deification of a Living Man) (生祀) - Seishi (生祀) means to honor or worship the spirit of a living person.

Sendai Kujihongi (先代旧事本紀) - Sendai Kujihongi is a book on ancient Japanese history.

Sengu (遷宮) - A sengu is the temporary transfer of a shintai (an object of worship housed in a Shinto shrine and believed to contain the spirit of a deity).

Senkyoshi (The Office of Indoctrination) (宣教使) - "Senkyoshi" was one of the government offices of Japan in the Meiji period.

Seoritsu-hime (瀬織津姫) - Seoritsu hime is a shrine of Haraedo no okami (gods of purification in Shinto religion).

Seven Shikobuchi (七シコブチ) - Seven Shikobuchi' means major seven shrines which enshrine 'Shikobuchi gods,' which are the gods of belief native to Ado-gawa River basin, runs Kyoto Prefecture and Shiga Prefecture.

Shakaku (社格) - Shakaku is a ranking system for Shinto shrines.

Shake (社家) - Shake is a Japanese social class.

Shaku () - Shaku is a narrow board held in the right hand when one wears sokutai (traditional ceremonial court dress) in Japan.

Shaku Nihongi (annotated text of the Nihon Shoki) (釈日本紀) - "Shaku Nihongi" is an annoted text of "Nihon Shoki" (Chronicles of Japan) which is assumed to have been compiled at the end of Kamakura period, probably between 1274 and 1301.

Shichimen-tennyo (七面天女) - Shichimen-tennyo is the former name of Shichimen-daimyojin, a goddess whom followers of the Nichiren school of Buddhism believe protects the Lotus Sutra ('Hoke-kyo' in Japanese).

Shide (紙垂) - Shide is strips of paper cut and folded in a specific way that are attached to and suspended from Shimenawa (a sacred straw rope), tamagushi (branch of a sacred tree), haraegushi (branch of a white tree), or gohei (wooden wands).

Shikinensai (Periodic Religious Rite) (式年祭) - Shikinensai is a religious rite performed at specified intervals.

Shimenawa Rope (注連縄) - The Shimenawa rope (sacred straw rope) is a ceremonial article of significance in Shinto and, the rope has religious meaning when adorned with shide (zigzag shaped paper talisman).

Shimotsuki kagura (霜月神楽) - Shimotsuki kagura is kagura (sacred music and dance performed at shrines) that is performed in November (according to the old lunar calendar; December through to January of the following year according to the Gregorian calendar).

Shinatsuhiko (シナツヒコ) - Shinatsuhiko is a deity (Shinto religion) who appears in Japanese Mythology.

Shinboku (神木) - Shinboku refers to a tree or a forest as Himorogi (a temporarily erected sacred space or "altar" used as a locus of worship) in Koshinto (ancient Shinto) and an object of worship.

Shinchoku (an oracle) (神勅) - Shinchoku is a word that refers to Heaven's will, and also its writing.

Shingu (神具) - "Shingu" refers to tools or utensils used for Shinto religious services.

Shingun (神郡) - A Shingun (also called a Kamikori) is a special district type that came into existence with the establishment of the Kokugun system, and is considered to be the holly precincts of a shrine (domain of a kami), and differs from other types of districts.

Shiniki (神域) - Shiniki is precincts of a shrine or a place where gods dwell (yorishiro).

Shinji (神事) - "Shinji" are worshipping and rituals related to god.

Shinkai (神階) - "Shinkai" are ranks granted to Shinto gods in Japan.

Shinkan (神官) - "Shinkan" is a person serving a certain God or working as a government official at a facility where God is worshipped.

Shinko-sai Festival (神幸祭) - The Shinko-sai Festival is a shrine festival where the divine spirit makes an imperial visit.

Shinme (神馬) - Shinme (or Jinme, sacred horse) is a term used to refer to a horse that is dedicated to a Japanese shrine or one used in rites and festivals.

Shinpu Kanro (神風串呂) - Shinpu Kanro is a method of clarifying things created by Yoshimasa MIURA (1904 - 1971), Toyokawa City, Aichi Prefecture, who claimed he was an authentic Imperial descendant of the Southern Court.

Shinsatsu (神札) - Shinsatsu is a gofu (talisman) distributed by shrines.

Shinsen (Food and Alcohol Offering to the gods) (神饌) - Shinsen is an offering to shrines and household Shinto altars in Japan.

Shinshi (Divine Servant) (神使) - Shinshi (Divine servant) is, in Shinto, an animal specified as a messenger (servant) of god.

Shinshoku (Shinto Priest) (神職) - The term "shinshoku" refers to a person who serves god and performs a religious ceremony and clerical work at a shrine of Shinto.

Shinsosai (Shinto Funeral) (神葬祭) - Shinsosai refers to funeral rites performed by Shinto, Japan's original religion.

Shintai (神体) - A shintai or goshintai ('go' is an honorific prefix) means the body of a kami (deity) in the Shinto religion.

Shintai-zan Mountain (神体山) - Shintai-zan Mountain is a term mainly used in Shitoism meaning a mountain believed to be where deities dwell in the concept of mountain worship and also called Kannabi, a mountain where deities dwell.

Shinto (Shinto religion) (神道) - Shinto (or Kannagara no michi) is an ethnical religious framework in Japan and a polytheistic religion that is unique to Japan.

Shinto Gobusho (five-volume apologia of Shinto) (神道五部書) - "Shinto Gobusho" was a foundational book of Ise Shinto (also known as Watarai Shinto - a school of Shinto thought established by priests of the Grand Shrine of Ise in the medieval period) and a collective term for the following five-volume apologia.

Shinto scripture (神典) - Shinto scripture is a general term for the literature which provide the basis for religious belief in Japanese Shinto.

Shinto Shusei (神道集成) - "Shinto Shusei" was written by Mitsukuni TOKUGAWA.

Shinto Taii (神道大意) - "Shinto Taii" is the name of Shinto books written by various Shintoists in the middle and modern ages.

Shintoshu (collection of shrine legends) (神道集) - Shintoshu is a collection of anecdotes and Shinto books in medieval Japan.

Shiotsuchinooji (シオツチノオジ) - Shiotsuchinooji (Shihotsuchinooji) is a deity (in the Shinto religion) who appears in the Japanese Mythology and is also called Shiogama-myojin.

Shitateruhime (シタテルヒメ) - Shitateruhime is a deity in Shinto described in Japanese Mythology.

Shrine Merger (神社合祀) - Shrine Merger is a policy to consolidate shrines.

Shrine Shinto (神社神道) - Shrine Shinto is a form of Shinto.

Shugo (習合) - Shugo is a mixture of Buddha, bodhisattvas and deities worshipped by various religions, or a category that considers them as one religion.

Soja (総社) - Soja refers to a shrine that has collected gods of local shrines and enshrined them together.

Sorei (祖霊) - Sorei (or Mioyanomitama) is an ancestral soul.

Soreisha (ancestral altar) (祖霊舎) - Soreisha (or Mitamaya) are household altars that are used in Shinto to enshrine ancestral spirits.

State Shinto (国家神道) - State Shinto is the name given by historians to the state religion, as well as the religious services, that were established under a policy of the Empire of Japan from the Meiji period (1868-1912) to the end of the Pacific War.

Sudo-jinja Shrine (崇道神社) - "Sudo-jinja Shrine" is a shrine in Kamitakano, Sakyo Ward, Kyoto City.

Suijin (The God of Water and Rain) (水神) - Suijin (or Mizugami) is the generic term for the gods relating to water (mainly fresh water).

Sukunabikona (スクナビコナ) - Sukunabikona (also called Sukunahikona, as well as Sukunaminokami, Sukunahikona, Sukunahikone, and so on) is a god in the Japanese mythology.

Suminomiya-jinja Shrine (角宮神社) - "Suminomiya-jinja Shrine" is a shrine in Nagaokakyo City, Kyoto Prefecture.

Sumiyoshi taisha jindaiki (Records of the Age of the Gods from the Sumiyoshi-taisha Shrine) (住吉大社神代記) - Sumiyoshi taisha jindaiki (Records of the Age of the Gods from the Sumiyoshi-taisha Shrine) was an ancient book introducing the origin of the Sumiyoshi-taisha Shrine that resided there from ancient times.

Susano (スサノオ) - Susano (also known as Susano no Mikoto) was a deity (Shinto religion) that appeared in Japanese mythology.

Suseri-bime (スセリビメ) - Suseri-bime is a deity (Shinto religion) who appears in the Japanese Mythology.


Tagitsu-hime (タギツヒメ) - Tagitsu-hime (also called Takitsu-hime) was a god (Shinto religion) appearing in Japanese Mythology and one of Munakata Sanjojin (three goddesses enshrined in Munakata Taisha Shrine).

Tahirikishimarumi no kami (多比理岐志麻流美神) - Tahirikishimarumi no kami was a god (Shinto religion) who appeared in Japanese Mythology.

TAIMA no Kehaya (当麻蹴速) - TAIMA no Kehaya is a person that appears in Japanese myths.

Taimatsu torch (たいまつ) - Taimatsu is the Japanese word for torch, a lighted piece of wood which can be held and used as a light source and for illumination.

Tajimamori (タヂマモリ) - Tajimamori is a person appearing in Japanese mythology, and is the god (Shinto) of confection.

Takahashi Ujibumi (高橋氏文) - "Takahashi Ujibumi" (histories compiled by the Takahashi family) is a history book, a collection of records, in ancient Japan.

Takamimusubi (タカミムスビ) - Takamimusubi is one of the gods who appear in Japanese mythology.

Takehiratori no Mikoto (建比良鳥命) - Takehiratori no Mikoto is a male deity (Shinto) in Japanese mythology.

Takeinadane no mikoto (建稲種命) - Takeinadane no mikoto is a Japanese god.

Takemikazuchi (タケミカヅチ) - Takemikazuchi is a god that appears in Japanese mythology.

Takeminakata no kami (建御名方神) - Takeminakata no kami is a god who appeared in the Japanese mythology (Shinto religion).

Takiri-bime (タキリビメ) - Takiri-bime (also known as Tagiri-hime) is a Shinto goddesses from Japanese mythology and one of the 'Munakata-Sanjoshin' (the three goddesses enshrined in Munakata-taisha Shrine).

Takuhatachijihime no Mikoto (栲幡千千姫命) - Takuhatachijihime no Mikoto is a female deity (Shinto) in Japanese mythology.

Tamagaki (玉垣) - Tamagaki is a fence around a shrine or shiniki (the holy precincts of a shrine).

Tamagushi (玉串) - Tamagushi means a branch of sakaki tree decorated with shide (paper cascade) and yu (strips of cloth) and offered before the gods by Shinto priests and visitors during Shinto rituals.

Tamanooya no Mikoto (玉祖命) - Tamanooya no Mikoto was a god (Shinto) appearing in Japanese mythology.

Tamayoribime (タマヨリビメ) - Tamayoribime, also known as Tamayorihime, is a Shinto goddess from Japanese mythology.

Tanokami (田の神) - Tanokami (deity of rice fields and harvests) is a deity (Shinto religion) that Japanese agricultural people believe watches over a rich or poor harvest and brings about a bumper crop of rice.

Tatari (祟り) - Tatari refers to a condition wherein a god, Buddha, or a soul of human being causes a calamitous condition for human beings, or a supernatural force that works within that condition.

Tatari-gami (祟り神) - Tatari-gami are Shikon (four spirits) which are held in awe but avoided, and believed to become a powerful guardian god if treated cordially.

Tatsuta-hime (竜田姫) - Tatsuta-hime (竜田姫) is the god of autumn in Japan.

Tawara no onda (田原の御田) - "Tawara no onda" is a shinji (Shinto ritual) performed every year on May 3, at the Taji-jinja Shrine in the Tawara district of Hiyoshi-cho, Nantan City, Kyoto Prefecture.

Tenjin-shinko Faith (天神信仰) - "Tenjin-shinko Faith" is a belief in Tenjin (heavenly gods) (Raijin (god of lightning)), specifically, a Shinto faith with awe and prayers centered around Sugawara no Michizane as 'Tenjin-sama.'

Tenson Kigen (天孫紀元) - Tenson kigen is a Japanese year-reckoning system which sets the year of tenson korin (the descent to earth of the grandson of the sun goddess) as its first year.

Three Great Tenjins of Japan (日本三大天神) - The three typical Tenmangu Shrines are collectively called as "Nihon Sandai Tenjin" or the Three Great Tenjins of Japan.

Tokusen Shinmyocho (特選神名牒) - Tokusen Shinmyocho (also read jinmyocho) is a commentary on 'Engishiki Jinmyocho' (the Register of Deities of the Engishiki)

Torii (鳥居) - The torii represents a dividing line (kekkai) between sacred and secular areas, serving as an entrance to the sacred world in Shinto shrines and other holy places.

Torimono (採物) - Torimono are the tools used by miko (a shrine maiden) and performers of Kagura, (sacred music and dancing performed at shrine) in Shinto rituals and Kagura.

Torinoiwakusufune no kami (鳥之石楠船神) - Torinoiwakusufune no kami was a god (Shinto religion) appearing in Japanese Mythology, and also the name of the ship that the gods rode.

Toshigami (年神) - "Toshigami"(年神, also written as 歳神) is a Shinto god (Shinto).

TOYA Manabu (戸矢学) - Manabu TOYA (1953 -) is a Shintoist, novelist and business enterprise consultant in Japan.

Toyobiwake (豊日別) - Toyobiwake (also pronounced Toyohiwake) is a god that appears in Japanese Mythology.

Toyokiiribikono-mikoto (豊城入彦命) - Toyokiiribikono-mikoto (豊城入彦命) (the year of birth and death unknown) is a member of the Imperial Family (the royal family) of the Tumulus period according to the Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters) and the Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan).

Toyokumono (トヨクモノ) - Toyokumono is a Shinto deity appearing in the story of the creation of heaven and earth (the Japanese Mythology).

Toyotama-hime (トヨタマヒメ) - Toyotamahime no Kami (Toyotama-hime) is a god (Shinto) appearing in volume one of "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters), and the mythology of Yamasachihiko and Umisachihiko.

Toyouke-bime (トヨウケビメ) - Toyouke-bime is one of the gods from Japanese mythology.

Tsukinami-no-matsuri (月次祭) - Tsukinami-no-matsuri (literally, monthly festival) is a festival in shinto.

Tsukiyomi-jinja Shrine (Kyoto City) (月読神社 (京都市)) - "Tsukiyomi-jinja Shrine is a shrine in Saikyo Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture.

Tsukuyomi (ツクヨミ) - Tsukuyomi (cited as "月讀" (Tsukuyomi) or Tsukuyomi no mikoto) is one of the gods of Japanese mythology.

Tsumatsu-hime (抓津姫神) - Tsumatsu-hime is a goddess in Japanese mythology.

Tsunofurihayabusa-myojin (角振隼総明神) - Tsunofurihayabusa-myojin is a deity enshrined at Tsunofuri-jinja Shrine, which used to be located in Fuchu-cho, Aki-gun, Hiroshima Prefecture.

Tsunugui and Ikugui (ツヌグイ・イクグイ) - Tsunugui and Ikugui are kami (god) in Japanese Methodology (shinto).


Ubusunagami (Guardian Deity of one's Birthplace) (産土神) - Ubusunagami is the deity that controls or protects one's birthplace.

Ugajin (宇賀神) - "Ugajin" is a folk religion god (Shinto) worshipped since the medieval period in Japan.

Ugayafukiaezu (ウガヤフキアエズ) - Ugayafukiaezu is a deity in Japanese mythology.

Uhijini and Suhijini (ウヒヂニ・スヒヂニ) - Uhijini and Suhijini are kami (god) in Japanese Methodology (shinto).

Ujigami (Tutelary Deities in Shinto) (氏神) - Ujigami is a Shinto god (Shinto) jointly enshrined by the people living in a community (village) in Japan.

Ujisha (氏社) - Ujisha is a shrine in which ujigami (ancestors of a family who were worshiped as a god) was worshipped.

Ukanomitama (ウカノミタマ) - Ukanomitama is a deity that appears in Japanese Mythology (Shinto religion).

Ukei (Ancient Divination) (うけい) - Ukei is the act of divination practiced in ancient Japan.

Ukemochi no kami (保食神) - "Ukemochi no kami" is a god (Shinto) appearing in Japanese Mythology.

Umashiashikabihikoji (ウマシアシカビヒコヂ) - Umashiashikabihikoji is a god appearing in Japanese mythology.



Wakahirume no mikoto (稚日女尊) - "Wakahirume no mikoto" is a god (Shinto) appearing in Japanese Mythology.

Wakumusubi (ワクムスビ) - Wakumusubi is the god of grain and sericulture, appearing in Japanese mythology.

Watatsumi (ワタツミ) - Watatsumi (or Wadatsumi) is a sea god (Shinto) appearing in Japanese mythology.



Yadaijin (矢大臣) - Yadaijin is one of the two deity statures in Zuijin (Imperial guards during the Heian period) costumes that are placed at the both sides of Zuijin-mon gate, holding bows and arrows on the observer's left.

Yamanokami (God of the Mountain) (山の神) - The term "Yamanokami" refers to:

Yamashina-jinja Shrine (山科神社) - "Yamashina-jinja Shrine" is a shrine in Yamashina Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture.

Yamatonookuni tamanokami (倭大国魂神) - "Yamatonookuni tamanokami" is a god (shinto) appearing in Japanese Mythology.

Yaotome (八乙女) - Yaotome refers to 8 female shrine media called miko who serve gods mainly by performing sacred music and performing a dance called kagura (also known as Miko kagura - dances by shrine maidens) and mikomai (female Shinto dance where the young girls each carry a small baton with bells).

Yasakani no Magatama (comma-shaped jewel) (八尺瓊勾玉) - The Yasakani no magatama is one of the Three Sacred Treasures of the Imperial Family, along with the Yata no Kagami (the eight-span mirror) and the Ame no Murakumo no Tsurugi (the sword Ame-no-Murakumo, literally "Heavenly Sword of Assembled Clouds").

Yasakatome no kami (八坂刀売神) - Yasakatome no kami is a goddess in the Shinto religion, Kisakigami (God Empress) married to Takeminakata no kami.

Yata no Kagami (八咫鏡) - Yata no Kagami is a mirror and one of the Sanshu no Jingi (Three Imperial Regalia).

Yomi (黄泉) - Yomi is the world of the dead.

Yomotsu-shikome (黄泉醜女) - Yomotsu-shikome is a female demon of Yomi (the world after death) in Japanese Mythology.

Yomotsuikusa (recurring demon) (黄泉軍) - "Yomotsuikusa" were demons in Japanese Mythology, which were said to live in the land of the dead.

Yorishiro (依り代) - The term "yorishiro" refers to an object that divine spirits are drawn or summoned to, and it denotes a shintai (an object believed to contain the spirit of a deity) or sometimes a shrine precincts.

Yoshida Shinto (吉田神道) - "Yoshida Shinto" is a school of Shinto perfected during the Muromachi period by Kanetomo YOSHIDA, a Shinto priest from the Kyoto Shida-jinja Shrine.

Yudate-kagura (湯立神楽) - Yudate-kagura (Yutate-kagura) is one of Japanese traditional kagura forms.

Yuiitsu shinto myoho [myobo] yoshu (唯一神道名法要集) - "Yuiitsu shinto myoho [myobo] yoshu" (Compendium of the Doctrines of the One-and-Only Shinto) was written by Kanenobu URABE, but it is supposedly a fake edition made by Kanetomo YOSHIDA, who made a pretext of an ancestor.

Yuki-jinja Shrine (由岐神社) - "Yuki-jinja Shrine" is a shrine in Kurama-honmachi, Sakyo Ward, Kyoto City.


Zoku-Gunsho Ruiju (The Library of Historical Documents, Continued) (続群書類従) - "Zoku-Gunsho Ruiju" is a collection of books.