In ()

In (院) originally meant a large construction surrounded by high walls, but it also refers to the following:

The title of the Daijo Tenno (the Retired Emperor), the Cloistered Emperor, or the Nyo-in (Empress). Ingo (title of nobles). It originally meant the Gosho (Palace) of the Retired Emperor, Cloistered Emperor, or Nyo-in, but it developed to mean the person who lived there.

Names of government institutions.
Examples in Japan are as follows:

Jinji-in (National Personnel Authority)

Kaikei kensa-in (Board of Audit)

Genshiryoku anzen hoan-in (Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency)

Kokudo chiri-in (Geographical Survey Institute)

Shugi-in (the House of Representatives) and Sangi-in (the House of Councillors)

Shonen-in (juvenile reformatory)

Names of educational institutions. Gaku-in (institute/academy), Daigaku-in (graduate school), and Gakushu-in (the Gakushu-in School Corporation).

Byoin (hospitals) and Iin (clinics). Sanin (maternity hospitals), Yoroin (homes for the elderly), and Seyaku-in (free hospitals for poor people).

Jiin (temples). Or a building in the precincts of a temple. Sanzen-in Temple, Byodo-in Temple and so on.

Posthumous Buddhist name. Ingo: posthumous Buddhist name that includes "in."

Abbreviated names or derivative words related to government institutions, schools, hospitals, and clinics: Innai (inside a hospital), Taiin (discharge from hospital), Incho (hospital director), and Insei (graduate student).

[Original Japanese]