Toji Union (杜氏組合)

The toji union is a union organized by toji (sake brewers) who are professionals of sake production. As a general rule, a toji union is organized for each local style or school at various places.

Several of the small toji groups form a union in partnership with the others in the surrounding area. This kind of instances are more in these days that the total number of toji has drastically decreased.

There were sharp conflicts with brewery owners who were capitalists due to the labor-management relations from the early Meiji period to the early Showa period, but nowadays the union's main works are labor management, benefits, skill enhancement, training of successors, and so on.

[Original Japanese]