Tokugawa Shogunate Family (徳川将軍家)
Tokugawa Shogunate Family was the head family of Tokugawa (the head family of the Tokugawa clan) and a family of Seii taishogun (literally, "the great general who subdues the barbarians") in the Edo bakufu.
Over a period of 264 years during the Edo period, it topped the whole of the Japanese society, which included the samurai world, practically as the monarch and ruler of Japan. The Tokugawa head family had many concubines in its inner palace, but it often lost lineage and had to adopt children from Tokugawa Gosanke (three privileged branches of the Tokugawa family) and Gosankyo (three other privileged branches) many times.
After the Meiji Restoration, the fifteenth family head Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA was placed under house arrest, and Iesato TOKUGAWA was adopted as a son. Iesato was officially given 700,000 koku (crop yields) in Suruga, Totomi and Mikawa Provinces by the new government, and he moved to Sunpu, which he renamed to Shizuoka, thus establishing Shizuoka Domain. After Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures), he moved to Tokyo again, where he joined the peerage, was conferred a title of prince and became a member of the Tokugawa Prince family. Iesato acted as a president of Kizokuin (the House of Peers) for a long time, and after the war, his legitimate son, Iemasa TOKUGAWA, who was the seventeenth family head, became its last president.
In 2003, the eighteenth family head Tsunenari TOKUGAWA established Tokugawa Memorial Foundation to manage the family's valuable heritage.
Successive Family Heads and Inheritors
Nobuyasu MATSUDAIRA, who was Ieyasu's legitimate son, and was later orderd to perform seppuku.
Hideyasu YUKI, who was of the Echizen-Matsudaira family.
Hidetada, the second shogun.
Yoshinao TOKUGAWA, who was of the Owari-Tokugawa family
Yorifusa TOKUGAWA, who was of the Mito-Tokugawa family, and his lineage included Mitsukuni and Yoshinobu, the fifteenth shogun.
Iemitsu, the third shogun.
Masako TOKUGAWA, also known as Tofukumon-in.
Masayuki HOSHINA, who was of the Aizu-Matsudaira family, and his lineage included Tsunenari, the eighteenth family head.
Ietsuna, the fourth shogun.
Tsunashige TOKUGAWA, who was of the Kofu-Tokugawa family, and his lineage included Ienobu, the sixth shogun.
Tsunayoshi, who was of the Tatebayashi-Tokugawa family and became the fifth shogun.
Tokumatsu TOKUGAWA, who died prematurely.
Ietsugu, the seventh shogun.
Ieshige, the ninth shogun.
Munetada TOKUGAWA, who was of the Hitotsubashi-Tokugawa family, and his lineage included Harusada and Ienari, the eleventh shogun.
Ieshige TOKUGAWA, the ninth shogun.
Ieharu, the tenth shogun.
Shigeyoshi TOKUGAWA, who of the Shimizu-Tokugawa family.
Iemoto TOKUGAWA, who died prematurely.
Ieyoshi, the twelfth shogun.
Nariyuki TOKUGAWA, who was adopted into the Kishu-Tokugawa family, and his lineage included Iemochi, the fourteenth shogun.
Iesada, the thirteenth shogun.
Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA, the fifteenth shogun and a prince, who was born to the Hitotsubashi-Tokugawa family and was adopted from the Mito-Tokugawa family, and who implemented Taisei Hokan (restoration of imperial rule).
Family of Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA
Prince Family of Tokugawa
Iesato TOKUGAWA, the sixteenth family head, who was a son of Yoshiyori TOKUGAWA of the Tayasu-Tokugawa family, and also was a prince and president of Kizokuin.
Iemasa, the seventeenth family head.
Iemasa TOKUGAWA, the seventeenth family head, who was a prince and president of Kizokuin.
Iehide TOKUGAWA, who died prematurely.
Head Family of Tokugawa after the War
Tsunenari TOKUGAWA, the eighteenth family head, who was adopted from the Aizu-Matsudaira family, and was a child of Ichiro Matsudaira and Toyoko TOKUGAWA, daughter of Iemasa; he was a blood-related grandson of Iemasa, the previous family head; and he was a former vice president of Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha (NYK Line).
Iehiro TOKUGAWA, translator.