Minamoto no Tsunenobu (源経信)

MINAMOTO no Tsunenobu (1016 - February 20, 1097) was a noble and waka poet who lived in the late Heian Period. His father was MINAMOTO no Michikata. His mother was a daughter of MINAMOTO no Kunimori. MINAMOTO no Toshiyori and MINAMOTO no Mototsuna were his children.

In 1062, he was appointed as Uchuben (Middle Controller of the Right), and became Sangi (councillor) in 1067 after working as Kurodo no To (Head Chamberlain). Iyo no Gon no kami (Provisional Governor of Iyo Province) concurrently in 1068; Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) Togu no Gon no Daibu (Provisional Master of the Crown Prince's Offices) in 1069; Okurakyo (Minister of the Treasury) concurrently in 1070; Shosanmi (Senior Third Rank) in 1071; Sadaiben (major controller of the left) in 1072; Harima no Gon no Kami (Provisional Governor of Harima Province) concurrently in 1073; Kogo no miya gon no daibu (Provisional Master of the Empress's Household) and concurrently Kageyu no kami (chief investigator of the records of outgoing officials) in 1074; Gon Chunagon (Provisional Middle Counselor) in 1075; Shonii (Senior Second Rank) in 1077; Minbukyo (Minister of Popular Affairs), concurrently in 1081; in 1083, at the age of 69, he was promoted to Gon Dainagon (provisional major counselor), and he also assumed the position of kogogu-daibu (Master of the Empress's Household). In 1091, he was appointed to Dainagon (chief councilor of state); in 1094, he was appointed to Dazai no gon no sochi, the following year in 1095, he left the capital and in 1097 he died in Dazaifu. He was eighty-two years old.

He was good at poetry and music and also had profound knowledge of Yusoku kojitsu (court and samurai rules of ceremony and etiquette). He took part in many utaawase (poetry contest) starting with the "meisho utaawase in the house of Imperial Princess Yushi" in 1041.
He was called the greatest waka poet of his day, and criticized 'Goshui Wakashu' (Later Collection of Gleanings of Japanese Poetry' compiled by FUJIWARA no Michitoshi over the head of Tsunenobu, by writing 'Goshui-mondo' and 'Nan-goshui.'

His poems were chosen for several Chokusen wakashu (Waka poems selected by the emperor) starting with Goshui-wakashu. Tsunenobu-shu is his personal collection of poetry and Sochiki [帥記 読み不明] is his diary.

Ogura Hyakunin Isshu (The Ogura's Sequence of One Hundred Poems by One Hundred Poets)
No. 71, "Yusareba kadotanoinaba otozurete ashinomaroyani akikazezofuku" (In the evening, visiting rice plants in the rice field in front of the gate, an autumn wind blows into my house.) ('Kinyo wakashu' (Kinyo Collection of Japanese poems) Autumn, 183).

[Original Japanese]