Horikawa-dori Street (堀川通)
Horikawa-dori Street is one of the major north-south streets in Kyoto City. It corresponds to Horikawa-koji Street of Heian-kyo. There are Higashi-horikawa-dori Street and Nishi-horikawa-dori Street in some sections, which run along the two sides of the Hori-kawa River (Kyoto Prefecture), but Nishi-horikawa-dori Street is usually called Horikawa-dori Street.
It starts in the north, from Kamo-kaido Road to the bank of the Kamo-gawa River (Yodo-gawa River system), and in the south merges with Abura-no-koji dori Street, which runs one block east around the north of the intersection with the Tokaido Main Line. As a highway it is one street, but in the south it is called Abura-no-koji Street.
The section north of Horikawa-Shimei-dori Street is a four-lane highway, and the section between Horikawa-Shimei-dori Street and Horikawa-Imadegawa-dori Street is a wide, six-lane highway with a broad center divider.
In the section between Horikawa-Imadegawa and Horikawa-Oike-dori Street, Hori-kawa River is open (not a closed circuit) as described below, and both Higashi-horikawa-dori Street and Nishi-horikawa-dori Street run in parallel.
Horikawa-dori Street runs from Oike over the closed Hori-kawa River, deviates east from Horikawa Gojo, joins Samegai-dori Street, and turns eastward at a right angle at the north of Nishi Hongan-ji Temple; while the Hori-kawa River (which is still closed) deviates west around Horikawa-shijo-dori Street, Horikawa-dori Street merges, at the north side of the Tokaido Main Line, with Abura-no-koji dori Street (a street running one block to the east). The name of the street south of the merging point is Abura-no-koji dori Street, but some call it Shin-horikawa-dori Street (the new Horikawa-dori Street) because it continues from Horikawa-dori Street.
South of Shichijo, Nishi-horikawa-dori Street runs a block away from Horikawa-dori Street over the closed Hori-kawa River.
The section south from Horikawa Gojo is National Route 1.
Roads are operated by local municipalities unless otherwise specified.
Fiscal year 2005 Average Weekday 24-Hour Traffic Volume (numbers) (Road Traffic Census)
Teranouchitate-cho, Horikawa-dori Teranouchi Agaru (to the north of Horikawa-dori Teranouchi), Kamigyo Ward: 34,357
Higashi-horikawa-dori Street, the Hori-kawa River and Nishi-horikawa-dori Street were once of nearly identical width. Nishi-horikawa-dori Street is now wider because, during World War II, the houses along it were forced to move in order to provide a fire-blocking zone.
The Horikawa Line of Kyoto City Trams (unofficially called the Kitano Line, N-den), which was opened by Kyoto Electric Railway, ran on the narrow Higashi-horikawa-dori Street from Horikawa-Nakadachiuri-dori Street to Shijo-Horikawa until 1961, when it was abolished.
The Hori-kawa River
The Hori-kawa River (Kyoto Prefecture) is open only in the section between Imadegawa-dori Street and the Oike-dori Street, with the majority being a closed circuit.
Little water flows in the river, but it was once used for dying nishijin-brocade.
Main facilities along the street
Horikawa-dori Street cuts through the northernmost point of the site (now designated a historical site), on which Odoi Fortress was constructed.
Kyoto-kita Post Office, Kitayama-Horikawa Kado (corner of Kitayama-Horikawa)
The Kita Police Station of Kyoto Police, Shichiku-dori Kado (corner of Shichiku-dori Street)
Grave of ONO no Takamura and Murasaki Shikibu, Kitaoji Sagaru (to the south of Kitaoji)
Tankosha Publishing Co., Ltd., Shimei-dori, Kuramaguchi-dori Kado (corner of Shimei-dori Street ad Kuramaguchi-dori Street)
Honpo-ji Temple, Horikawa-Teranouchi Agaru (to the north of Horikawa-Teranouchi)
Chado Shiryo-kan (Chado research center gallery), same as above
Hokyo-ji Temple, Horikawa-Teranouchi Higashi Iru (to the east of Horikawa-Teranouchi)
Shiramine-Jingu Shrine, Horikawa-Imadegawa Higashi Iru (to the east of Horikawa-Imadegawa-dori Street)
Nishijin Textile Center, Horikawa-Imadegawa Sagaru (to the south of Horikawa-Imadegawa)
Seimei-jinja Shrine, Horikawa-moto-Seiganji Sagaru (the main building faces Yoshiyamachi-dori Street, one block to the west)
Ichijomodori-bashi Bridge spans the Hori-kawa River at Ichijo-dori Street.
The remains of Jinsai ITO's Kogido School, Horikawa-Demizu Sagaru (to the south of Horikawa-Demizu)
The Kyoto campus of Sundai Preparatory School, Horikawa-Marutamachi Sagaru (to the south of Horikawa-Marutamachi)
Nijo Castle, from Horikawa-Takeyamachi to Horikawa-Oshikoji
ANA Hotel Kyoto, Horikawa-Oshikoji Kado (corner of Horikawa-Oshikoji)
Tozai Line of the Kyoto Municipal Subway - Nijojo-mae Station
Nakagyo Ward Office, Chugyo Health Care Center, Kyoto City and Chugyo Fire Station in Kyoto City Horikawa-Oike Kado (corner of Horikawa-Oike)
Kyoto Municipal Horikawa High School, Horikawa-Nishikikoji Agaru (to the north of Horikawa-Nishikikoji)
The Horikawa Police Station of Kyoto Police, Horikawa-Matsubara Sagaru (to the south of Horikawa-Matsubara)
Tokyu Hotels Co., Ltd, Horikawa-Gojo Sagaru (to the south of Horikawa-Gojo)
Kosho-ji Temple, Shichijo-Horikawa Agaru (to the north of Shichijo-Horikawa)
Rihga Royal Hotel Kyoto, Horikawa-Shiokoji Kado (corner of Horikawa-Shiokoji)